Premature labor, also known as preterm birth, is a serious medical condition that can have a number of complications for both mother and baby. Complications of preterm birth include the birth of a premature baby, which can lead to a number of health problems such as low birth weight, breathing difficulties, underdeveloped organs, and vision problems. Children who are born prematurely are also at greater risk for cerebral palsy, learning problems, and behavioral problems. The most common complication of preterm birth is difficulty breathing.
However, other complications such as sepsis, intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, and umbilical cord infections should also be considered. PPROM (preterm premature rupture of membranes) with intrauterine inflammation can lead to neurodevelopmental impairment, and early gestational age at the time of membrane rupture is associated with an increased risk of damage to the neonatal white matter. Accidents can also contribute to the risk of prenatal stillbirth between 1 and 2% after premature PROM. We know that some things can make you more likely than others to have a premature birth and delivery.
Some risk factors are things that can't be changed, such as having a previous premature birth. Other risk factors for preterm birth are the same as those for having a baby with a low birth weight. If the result is negative, it is clearly indicative of an intact membrane, but if it is positive, it does not necessarily indicate a premature rupture of the membranes. If there is no progressive dilation or erasure of the cervix after being monitored for 4 to 6 hours, and if the well-being of the fetus is demonstrated in an effortless reactive test and pregnancy complications have been ruled out, the mother can be sent home with instructions to follow up in 1 or 2 weeks and return if there are additional signs and symptoms of preterm birth or other pregnancy-related problems.